Jeddah is the most important city in the Hejaz, as it is the main entrance to Makkah Al-Mukarramah due to its importance in transporting pilgrims to it. It is also the most important city in the Hijaz economically because it transfers world trade through the ages from the East to the Western European countries via the Red Sea.
However, the basis for studying the history of the city of Jeddah requires review, scrutiny and historical analysis of internal events and major and dangerous external developments that Jeddah has experienced through the ages, from ancient history to the present era.
This is covered by the Jeddah Encyclopedia, which we present to readers in three chapters, in addition to the introduction, sources and references.
In the first chapter, Dr. Ibrahim bin Abdulaziz Al-Jumaih (may God have mercy on him) examined the political, administrative, economic and social conditions in Jeddah from the pre-Islamic era until the middle of the sixth century AH / twelfth century AD (567 AH / 1171 AD), where he discussed and analyzed important topics represented in the study A scientific study of the political, administrative and economic conditions in Jeddah from the pre-Islamic era until the middle of the sixth century AH / twelfth century AD (567 AH / 1171 AD). It presents the importance of the city in the sources that confirm the ancient city of Jeddah and its early emergence and its use as a port for Makkah Al-Mukarramah.
Our colleague, the historian Al-Jumaih (may God have mercy on him) also dealt with a presentation of the social conditions in Jeddah from the pre-Islamic era to the middle of the sixth century AH / twelfth century AD (567 AH / 1171 AD) in terms of its inhabitants and their conditions in the pre-Islamic era and its tribes and the existence of the Persians and the conditions of its inhabitants since the emergence of Islam .
In the second chapter, the historian Prof. Dr. Abdullah Aqil Angawi (may God have mercy on him) dealt with the next era, which starts from the twelfth century until the end of the fifteenth century and specifically with the beginning of modern times. He talked about the political, administrative, economic and social conditions in Jeddah in the period between the 6th - 10th century A.H. / 12-16 AD (567-923 AH / 1171-1517 AD) during the Ayyubid era (567-648 AH / 1171-1250 AD) and the Mamluk era (648-923 AH / 1250-1517 AD) focusing on the political, administrative, economic and social conditions in Jeddah in the specified period known as the era Islamic.
The historian Prof. Dr. Abdullah Siraj Mansi discussed in the third chapter the study of the political, administrative, economic and social conditions in Jeddah in modern and contemporary history (923-1373 AH / 1517-1953 AD), where he stopped at the date of the declaration of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1932 AD, provided that the study for the year 1953 AD will be completed later, God willing.
He dealt with the same issues represented in the political, administrative, economic and social conditions in Jeddah (921-1344 AH / 1517-1924AD). This is in addition to some sub-studies that have completed some of its aspects and will be received by the honorable reader. The study concluded with a list of sources and references to complement the benefit.
In conclusion, I hope that the encyclopedia provided a clear picture of the conditions of Jeddah and answered many issues of the city in its various aspects, hoping that the encyclopedia will follow in-depth studies that reveal its ancient history.
May God have mercy on all the authors, the living and the dead who have made great efforts for the sake of history for these three periods and through which they have suffered like any researcher in such research and the lack of resources, and yet they were able to bring it out with their historical experience to a safe shore to be present to the readers in its current form God reward everyone all It is good, and I hope that we have contributed to clarify a lot about this ancient city located between the Two Holy Mosques and on the banks of the Red Sea. This is the grandmother of the Mermaid and the fragrance of the past, present and future.