The Geography volume - within the “Encyclopedia of Jeddah City” - includes three chapters devoted to highlighting the geographical aspects of the city, starting with the general characteristics of the city’s location and location, in preparation for reviewing the basic features of the natural environment, and passing through the demographic characteristics of the city and its economic resources. These natural and anthropogenic characteristics are addressed through its role in shaping the urban jobs through which Jeddah was a city - and still is - one of the most important centers of growth and urban agglomeration in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
This work culminates in a review and analysis of the regional dimensions of the city of Jeddah.
The first chapter includes: a detailed study of the geological structure of the city of Jeddah, and an analysis of its surface features; In terms of location, topography, surface shapes, and climatic conditions in terms of temperature, air humidity, and winds. It also includes a review of both parts of the water resources; Natural, from rain, underground water, wells, and the other: the technology of tormenting (desalination) sea water. The class is also subjected to a study of the nature of the soil and its natural flora. A reflection of the prevailing climatic conditions.
The second chapter reviews: the stages of urban growth, the demographic composition of the city of Jeddah, from the sixteenth century AD until the twenty-first century, as well as the population growth, the factors affecting it, and the problems of lack of services in the city, and then the chapter deals with the economic, professional, and tourism composition in Jeddah. It also presents the health, educational, and future developmental aspects of Jeddah.
The third chapter deals with the regional dimensions of Jeddah, including the temporal dimension, the spatial dimension, the religious dimension, the political dimension, and its primary role in highlighting the importance of Jeddah and its characteristics in the Arab region. It also deals with economic resources such as agriculture, herding, livestock and fish.
As we present to the reader this humble work, we hope that we have succeeded in covering all aspects of the book’s topic. And for the reader to benefit from it in getting to know the city of Jeddah. In the hope that we have provided a scientific building block to identify the characteristics of Jeddah and its importance as an economic, industrial and tourist city, an important maritime entrance for religious tourism, and a port that affects the trade movement in the Kingdom.